Tax Deducted at Source or TDS is a type of advance tax which is deducted from the earnings of an individual or an organization before the money is actually credited into that entity’s account, according to the Income Tax Act, 1961. The government is able to generate revenues by implementing the provisions of TDS on the earnings of individuals as well as businesses. Rules and regulations regarding TDS are controlled and governed under the Income Tax Act, 1961 by the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT).
Tax Deducted at Source is applicable on income earned regularly and also on the income earned occasionally or irregularly. Thus, TDS is applicable on various incomes, including, but not limited to Salary, Commission, Rent, Professional Fees and Interest.
Rates of TDS deduction
Payments such as salaries, commission, professional fees, interest earned, rent etc. are subject to TDS deduction. Based on the type of income and amount of income earned, TDS is paid at various rates. Thus, different kinds of income has different TDS rates and the tax is paid on the extra amount earned after a certain maximum threshold limit is attained. The rate at which TDS is paid varies from 1 per cent to 30 per cent, depending on the income taxed.
Due Dates for filing TDS Returns
The following are the original due dates for filing TDS Returns:-